Public History Has Revisionist Roots, and the NYT Is ON IT

This post is part of a series from Loyola public historians attending NCPH 2014.

The public historians assembled here in sunny Monterey spent their first day and a half covering what has become familiar yet still challenging ground for those of us in the profession. In round-tables, poster sessions, panel sessions, and working groups, they swapped insights on the cultural work that goes into interpreting an increasingly inclusive past to a likewise increasingly diverse public. The sessions I have attended include those about museum exhibits “co-created” with community members, the latest in attempts to interpret slavery at historic sites, my own working group about innovative reuse of “less-than-charismatic” structures, and sustaining public history though community engagement. Implicit in all these topics is the internalized impact of social history and the commitment to embracing marginalized voices—-both historical and contemporary. I actually feel that this laudable aspect of public history has become a little too familiar for practitioners, maybe even sometimes taken for granted. I’m certain that the social and even activist history ethic undergirds the projects highlighted thus far in Monterey. But I still crave even more forceful, direct, and critical expressions of public history work as ‘on a mission,’ for lack of better phrase.

So imagine how surprised I was to read that, according to the New York Times, museums have generally gone too far in exploring diverse, contested, and contradictory themes. Edward Rothstein’s “New Insights into History May Skew the Big Picture” deserves a much fuller take-down than I care to provide at this time (and I hope that many of us currently here in Monterey will get home, unpack, and take up that very task). But suffice to say Rothstein’s synthesis of gripes about major exhibits is vague, myopic, and intellectually sloppy. The closest he comes to coherently expressing his critique is a passage that could have been ripped from a disgruntled letter to the editor circa 1995 circa Smithsonian circa Enola Gay exhibit.

This mixture of new insight accompanied by new simplifications has become familiar elsewhere as well. The transformation of history that began in the 1960s (inspired by the American political left), took decades to have full impact on museums, but its perspectives have now become commonplace. Museums, in their traditional roles, were almost mythological institutions claiming to display the origins and themes of a society, shaping understandings with a coherent interpretation of the past. That model has now been remade with the singular replaced by the plural, coherence displaced by multiplicity.

Colorful varieties of taffy at Monterey's Candyland. Or to some a distracting diversity in need of revision.
Colorful varieties of taffy at Monterey’s Candyland. Or to some a distracting diversity in ironic need of revision.

There’s a lot to unpack from that paragraph and from Rothstein’s subsequent expressions of dismay about the scourge of “identity museums” (he seems to have a particular disdain for the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian). For example, Rothstein should be reminded that those hoary “almost mythological institutions” of yesteryear were as much “identity museums” as the NMAI or any other such place. It’s just that the identity promoted then was elite and white. And then there’s his alarm at the way that the National Archives dares to call to attention to the fact that the nation’s past (and, gasp, present) has failed to live up to its lofty ideals. 

Imagine if Rothstein would take the time to sit in a room full of culture workers who actually produced the interpretations of the past that he finds so dangerously subjective and critical. That is, imagine if Rothstein was here in Monterey, attending for example the session “Revisiting the ‘Tough Stuff of American Memory’: African Enslavement and Public Histories.” There he would have heard an insightful exchange between an audience member and a panelist about the delicate line between attracting an crowd and telling uncomfortable truths about slavery and its persistent legacy. This was a legitimate question about whether institutions worried about alienating their potential audiences. The panel member quickly replied with the point ‘which audience?’ Everyone seemed to agree that the public is increasingly ready for and even craving the’ tough stuff’—-both African American visitors and all those other problematic identities in the land. However, that voices from the likes of the New York Times seem to feel otherwise shows there’s work to be done.


4 thoughts on “Public History Has Revisionist Roots, and the NYT Is ON IT

  1. Wow! I cannot believe this New York Times article exists. I am writing the author, Edward Rothstein, right now. You can send him an email on the website for the New York Times. Totally worth it. This guy needs some serious historical education. First of all, who is he? What qualifies him to know what “the big picture” of history is? Also, he critiques the revisionist work of the 1960s is museums, but he does not mention a single historical monograph that contributed to this historical shift. He does not seem to know anything about the museum of history. Finally, is he essentially saying (in his paragraph on identity museums for hyphenated Americans) that non-white people should not have museums dedicated to their experience? I think he is, and I also think this person is racist. His ignorance, literally, astounds me.

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